HPR205 Week 5 Assignment

WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT: URINALYSIS

Submission Instructions

Please complete your answers to the lab questions on this form. Please complete your answers, and SAVE the file in a location which you will be able to find again. Then, attach and submit the completed form to the Week 5 Laboratory dropbox in the Ashford University classroom.

Result Tables

Table 1: Normal and Abnormal Urinalysis Results

 

Test

Normal    Results

Abnormal    Results and Symptoms/Possible Diagnosis

 

pH

4.5 – 7.5

Below 4.5: Acidic Urine;   diabetes, starvation, dehydration, respiratory acidosis, kidney or urinary   tract disorder.

Above 7.5: Alkaline   urine; kidney disease, kidney failure, urinary tract infection, respiratory   alkalosis. 

 

Glucose

None

Red or Green Color: Glucose present; diabetes   mellitus. 

 

Protein

None

Violet Color: Protein present; kidney disease.

 

Yeast

None

Effervescence: Yeast present; yeast infection in urinary tract.

 

Ketones

Little or None

High Concentrations of Ketones Present: Starvation, prolonged vomiting,   diabetes, hyperthyroidism, or other metabolic disorders.

 

Table 2: Todd’s Results

 

Test

Results

Diagnosis:

 

pH

4.0

 

Glucose

Glucose Present

 

Protein

None

 

Yeast

None

 

Ketones

None

Table 3: Sharon’s Results

 

Test

Results

Diagnosis:

 

pH

3.0

 

Glucose

Glucose Present

 

Protein

None

 

Yeast

None

 

Ketones

Ketones Present

 

Table 4: Helen’s Results

 

Test

Results

Diagnosis:

 

pH

8.0

 

Glucose

None

 

Protein

Yes

 

Yeast

None

 

Ketones

Ketones Present

Table 5: Simon’s Results

 

Test

Results

Diagnosis:

 

pH

6.5

 

Glucose

None

 

Protein

None

 

Yeast

Yes

 

Ketones

None

Post-Lab Questions

1. How can a patient’s hydration status be measured by urine color?

2. Research ketonuria. What is this disease? How does it occur, and can it be treated?

3. Why doesn’t healthy urine contain any glucose?

4. When are ketones produced? Why might this lead to a diagnosis of starvation or fasting?

5. What does a red or smoky brown urine color indicate?

6. What is the purpose of performing a urine test on a pregnant woman? What are the potential findings and causes for those findings?

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